Category Archives: History and Context (Western Philosophy)

HCJ THREE: (Seminar Paper) Max Weber, Economy and Society

“It is horrible to think that the world could one day be filled with nothing but little men clinging to little jobs and striving toward bigger ones.” (Weber)  Weber was fascinated with power and how it can be made legitimate. The German sociologist and political … Continue reading

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HCJ THREE: WR Hearst, the Modernist Movement & Carey and the Masses

WR Hearst and the Modernist movement William Randolph Hearst had a powerful influence in many aspects of the modernist movement which extended to politics, publishing, art, Hollywood and architectural endeavours. Born in San Francisco, California in 1863, he was the … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: The Dreyfus Affair

Notes taken from a lecture held by Shira Pinczuk at the University of Winchester, 2013. Anti-Semitism, Media and Zionism The Dreyfus Affair highlights the importance of the ‘innocence project’, the power of the mass media, issues brought about by anti-Semitism, … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Introduction to Anti-Semitism

Reading taken from Bernard Lazare’s, “Anti-Semitism: Its History and Causes”, 1894.  General causes of Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism is often defined as prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews due to their Jewish heritage. Lazare provides a brief history of Israel since … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883) is generally considered as the man who claimed to have made Socialism scientific. HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE PERIOD (‘Age of Revolutions’) Marx wrote at a time of political and economic change. The Revolutions of 1848 (also known … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Hegel and Schopenhauer

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) is described by Bertrand Russell as ‘the culmination of the movement in German philosophy that started from Kant.’ Russell argues that although Hegel often criticised Kant, his system ‘could never have arisen’ if Kant’s had not … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Kant

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is commonly known as the greatest of modern philosophers. However, in his book A History of Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell comments that he cannot ‘agree with this estimate’ but that it would be foolish not to recognise … Continue reading

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