Tag Archives: aristotle

HCJ FOUR: Frege to Wittgenstein

Logic and Mathematics Frege: 1876: Begriffschrift (trs: ‘concept script’) This is ‘analytic’ or ‘symbolic’ logic which replaces the syllogistic logic of Aristotle. Aristotle: A = man [b] = mortal X = Socrates All [A]s are [b]  {axiom; apriori} X is [a] Therefore X is … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883) is generally considered as the man who claimed to have made Socialism scientific. HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE PERIOD (‘Age of Revolutions’) Marx wrote at a time of political and economic change. The Revolutions of 1848 (also known … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Seminar Paper: Empiricism and Rationalism in the 17th and 18th centuries: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz

Western philosophy in the 17th and 18th centuries is divided between British empiricism and continental rationalism. These theories are concerned with Epistemology (philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge). Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza were rationalists. … Continue reading

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HCJ Seminars

Tuesday October 2nd: Seminar 1: In our first seminar we were assigned to our seminar topics and I chose Plato, Aristotle and the classical theory of state as I enjoy pretty much anything to do with the Classical world! Tuesday … Continue reading

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HCJ: Discussions from my seminar paper: Plato’s Utopia and Aristotle’s Politics

Plato’s Utopia (1) The young must be taught that evils never come from the gods, for God is not the author of all things, but only of good things. (So who is the creator of the ‘bad’ things?) (2) Homer … Continue reading

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History and Context: Seminar Paper: Classical Theory of State

Ideas of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle In our third HCJ lecture I was delighted to be learning about someone I had previously studied during my A-level in Classical Civilisations. After studying Aristophanes’ plays and the basic structure of Athenian democracy … Continue reading

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