Tag Archives: descartes

HCJ FOUR: Sartre, Kierkegaard, Husserl & Heidegger

Sartre, Kierkegaard, Husserl and Heidegger: Existentialism Phenomenology and Existentialism: Sartre: “Existence precedes essence” – Jean Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness. Existentialism is the philosophy of human existence that relates to one’s pursuit of the meaning of life. Although existentialism is generally considered … Continue reading

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HCJ FOUR: Frege to Wittgenstein

Logic and Mathematics Frege: 1876: Begriffschrift (trs: ‘concept script’) This is ‘analytic’ or ‘symbolic’ logic which replaces the syllogistic logic of Aristotle. Aristotle: A = man [b] = mortal X = Socrates All [A]s are [b]  {axiom; apriori} X is [a] Therefore X is … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Kant

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is commonly known as the greatest of modern philosophers. However, in his book A History of Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell comments that he cannot ‘agree with this estimate’ but that it would be foolish not to recognise … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Empiricism: Locke to Hume

Philosophical Liberalism In his book A History of Western Philosophy Russell describes early liberalism as a product of England and Holland that stood for religious toleration. This is because it valued commerce and industry, and favoured the rising middle class … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Seminar Paper: Empiricism and Rationalism in the 17th and 18th centuries: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz

Western philosophy in the 17th and 18th centuries is divided between British empiricism and continental rationalism. These theories are concerned with Epistemology (philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge). Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza were rationalists. … Continue reading

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HCJ Seminars

Tuesday October 2nd: Seminar 1: In our first seminar we were assigned to our seminar topics and I chose Plato, Aristotle and the classical theory of state as I enjoy pretty much anything to do with the Classical world! Tuesday … Continue reading

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