Tag Archives: god

HCJ FOUR: Frege to Wittgenstein

Logic and Mathematics Frege: 1876: Begriffschrift (trs: ‘concept script’) This is ‘analytic’ or ‘symbolic’ logic which replaces the syllogistic logic of Aristotle. Aristotle: A = man [b] = mortal X = Socrates All [A]s are [b]  {axiom; apriori} X is [a] Therefore X is … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Introduction to Anti-Semitism

Reading taken from Bernard Lazare’s, “Anti-Semitism: Its History and Causes”, 1894.  General causes of Anti-Semitism Anti-Semitism is often defined as prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews due to their Jewish heritage. Lazare provides a brief history of Israel since … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Seminar Paper: Empiricism and Rationalism in the 17th and 18th centuries: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz

Western philosophy in the 17th and 18th centuries is divided between British empiricism and continental rationalism. These theories are concerned with Epistemology (philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge). Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza were rationalists. … Continue reading

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