Tag Archives: kant

HCJ FOUR: Sartre, Kierkegaard, Husserl & Heidegger

Sartre, Kierkegaard, Husserl and Heidegger: Existentialism Phenomenology and Existentialism: Sartre: “Existence precedes essence” – Jean Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness. Existentialism is the philosophy of human existence that relates to one’s pursuit of the meaning of life. Although existentialism is generally considered … Continue reading

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HCJ FOUR: Totalitarianism (My Seminar Paper) Hannah Arendt

Hannah Arendt’s The Origins of Totalitarianism analyses the two major totalitarian movements of the 20th century, Nazism and Stalinism. Totalitarianism differs from other forms of political oppression such as despotism (a single entity rules with absolute power), tyranny (cruel and aggressive government or rule) and … Continue reading

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HCJ FOUR: Frege to Wittgenstein

Logic and Mathematics Frege: 1876: Begriffschrift (trs: ‘concept script’) This is ‘analytic’ or ‘symbolic’ logic which replaces the syllogistic logic of Aristotle. Aristotle: A = man [b] = mortal X = Socrates All [A]s are [b]  {axiom; apriori} X is [a] Therefore X is … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883) is generally considered as the man who claimed to have made Socialism scientific. HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE PERIOD (‘Age of Revolutions’) Marx wrote at a time of political and economic change. The Revolutions of 1848 (also known … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Hegel and Schopenhauer

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) is described by Bertrand Russell as ‘the culmination of the movement in German philosophy that started from Kant.’ Russell argues that although Hegel often criticised Kant, his system ‘could never have arisen’ if Kant’s had not … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Kant

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is commonly known as the greatest of modern philosophers. However, in his book A History of Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell comments that he cannot ‘agree with this estimate’ but that it would be foolish not to recognise … Continue reading

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