Tag Archives: metaphysics

HCJ FOUR: Sartre, Kierkegaard, Husserl & Heidegger

Sartre, Kierkegaard, Husserl and Heidegger: Existentialism Phenomenology and Existentialism: Sartre: “Existence precedes essence” – Jean Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness. Existentialism is the philosophy of human existence that relates to one’s pursuit of the meaning of life. Although existentialism is generally considered … Continue reading

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HCJ FOUR: Frege to Wittgenstein

Logic and Mathematics Frege: 1876: Begriffschrift (trs: ‘concept script’) This is ‘analytic’ or ‘symbolic’ logic which replaces the syllogistic logic of Aristotle. Aristotle: A = man [b] = mortal X = Socrates All [A]s are [b]  {axiom; apriori} X is [a] Therefore X is … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Seminar Paper: Empiricism and Rationalism in the 17th and 18th centuries: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz

Western philosophy in the 17th and 18th centuries is divided between British empiricism and continental rationalism. These theories are concerned with Epistemology (philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge). Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza were rationalists. … Continue reading

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