Tag Archives: philosophy

HCJ TWO: Marx

Karl Marx (1818-1883) is generally considered as the man who claimed to have made Socialism scientific. HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE PERIOD (‘Age of Revolutions’) Marx wrote at a time of political and economic change. The Revolutions of 1848 (also known … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Hegel and Schopenhauer

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) is described by Bertrand Russell as ‘the culmination of the movement in German philosophy that started from Kant.’ Russell argues that although Hegel often criticised Kant, his system ‘could never have arisen’ if Kant’s had not … Continue reading

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HCJ TWO: Kant

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is commonly known as the greatest of modern philosophers. However, in his book A History of Western Philosophy, Bertrand Russell comments that he cannot ‘agree with this estimate’ but that it would be foolish not to recognise … Continue reading

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History and Context: Rousseau and The French Revolution

Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau was an 18th century ‘philosophe’ born in Geneva into a very poor family. He was regarded as the father of the Romantic Movement and is believed to have influenced the French Revolution due to his appeal to … Continue reading

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History and Context: Seminar Paper: Classical Theory of State

Ideas of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle In our third HCJ lecture I was delighted to be learning about someone I had previously studied during my A-level in Classical Civilisations. After studying Aristophanes’ plays and the basic structure of Athenian democracy … Continue reading

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